What is HSE?
Health (H), Safety (S) and Environment (E) is a discipline and specialty that studies and implements practical aspects of environmental protection and safety at work. In simple terms it is what organizations must do to make sure that their activities do not cause harm to anyone.
From a safety standpoint, it involves creating organized efforts and procedures for identifying workplace hazards and reducing accidents and exposure to harmful situations and substances. It also includes training of personnel in accident prevention, accident response, emergency preparedness, and use of protective clothing and equipment.
Better health at its heart, should have the development of safe, high quality, and environmentally friendly processes, working practices and systemic activities that prevent or reduce the risk of harm to people in general, operators, or patients.
From an environmental standpoint, it involves creating a systematic approach to complying with environmental regulations, such as managing waste or air emissions all the way to helping sites reduce the company’s carbon footprint.
WHO IS A SAFETY OFFICER?
A Safety Officer is responsible for monitoring and assessing hazardous and unsafe situations and developing measures to assure personnel safety. The Safety Officer ensures the Site Safety and Health Plan is prepared and implemented.
BASIC SAFETY RULES:
- All workers must wear cover all uniform, helmet and hand gloves while on duty.
- Smoking is strictly prohibited in plant.
- For handling chemicals, workers must use face mask and goggles.
- Materials used in the plant like Bitumen is very expensive and hazardous make sure that there is no spillage and wastage.
- Keep the barricades in front of the trucks while on loading.
- Do not enter any vessel or equipment, without proper permit.
- No hot work in plant without a fire permit.
- For doing any maintenance work, the work permission is necessary.
- Do not use any fire alarm or fire extinguisher when there is no emergency situation.
- Do not start any work without a proper PPE.
RESPONSIBILITIES OF COMPANY STAFF
- Following all applicable HSE rules and practices as outlined in the company’s manual and by the HSE Officer or supervisors
- Using and wearing personal protective equipment and clothing according to instructions
- Reporting all health and HSE related incidents to the HSE Officer or supervisor
- Reporting any perceived unsafe conditions to the HSE Officer or supervisor
- Attending all training courses as directed by supervisory personnel.
- Work areas must be kept clean, neat and free of obstructions. Work areas should be cleaned and tidied on completion of the company operation
- Stairways and halls must not be used for storage of equipment, samples or personal property
- Access to emergency equipment or exits must never be blocked
- Equipment, ingredients and chemicals must be stored in the correct manner.
- Spilled material must be cleaned up quickly and using the proper methods
- Wastes, particularly hazardous wastes, must be placed in appropriate, labelled containers
- Obsolete materials or samples must not be allowed to accumulate and must be disposed.
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
Personal Protective Equipment (P.P.E.) is designed to protect many different parts of the body. It acts as a primary barrier between the potential hazard and the worker. It is the responsibility of anyone working in the company to ensure that the required P.P.E. is utilised and the responsibility of supervisors to advice on the need and suitability of various forms of P.P.E. in different situations. All personnel in the company should wear appropriate P.P.E., not just those actively working.
Glove helps to prevent harmful chemicals or other forms of hazard to the hands. The integrity of gloves should be checked before commencement of working. Use the correct procedures to remove the gloves after working and to dispose of them if irrecoverably contaminated.
Approved HSE glasses with side shields are recommended for use in sections of the company where workers are exposed to possible eye injury. Goggles and face shields may be required for certain activities, as determined by the HSE Officer.
Clothing should provide maximum coverage of skin. Company coveralls should be:
- Removed and hung up prior to leaving the company
- Laundered separately from other clothing
- Fully buttoned when worn
- Close attention to personal hygiene is the simplest way of avoiding skin disorders such as dermatitis. Wash hands, forearms, face and any other exposed areas regularly with a good quality proprietary skin cleanser. Never use abrasives. Any skin problems should be reported as soon as possible to a medical practitioner, and to the supervisor. Wherever practicable, the use of suitable gloves and/or barrier creams should be mandatory.
Proper use of fume hoods should generally eliminate respiratory hazards. In special circumstances, the HSE Officer may recommend the use of a respirator and will be responsible for its selection and for instructing the wearer for its fit and safe use.
Hearing protection is generally required where ambient company noise pressure levels are in excess of 90 dB(A). The HSE Officer recommend the use of ear muffs or ear plugs having suitable noise attenuating properties where this is considered appropriate.
HSE footwear suitable for protection against mechanical impact, wet surface, compression or chemical splashing should be available where required.
Hard hats are required where workers risk injury from moving, falling or flying objects or when working adjacent to high voltage equipment. HSE headgear is designed to resist penetration by objects hitting the head or from limited electrical shock or burns.
WHAT INJURIES AND ILLNESS MUST BE REPORTED?
- Work-related injuries that cause or are likely to cause your worker to be off beyond the day of the injury
- Injuries that require modified work beyond the day of the injury.
- Injuries that require ongoing medical treatment (physical therapy, prescription medications, etc.).
- Injuries that may result in a permanent disability (amputations, hearing loss, etc.).
WHEN TO REPORT AN INJURY?
Under the legislation, you must report work-related injuries within 72 hours of being notified of the injury. If you fail to report an injury within this period, you may be fined.
Our focus is on to create a safe workplace and a surrounding area that is not damaged by our process or procedures.
- Zero accident,
- Zero health damage,
- Zero fires.
Article put together by: Mary Agbo